How to tell if your hard drive is broken

Before attempting to repair your hard drive, you must first make sure that it is the hard drive itself which is causing the issue. If the hard drive is detected, but the operating system asks to reformat while you are accessing data, this is an indication that there are several defective areas. The defective areas can equally result in the crash or the decreased speed of the PC. Secondly, the hard drive could be displayed in the operating system but is not accessible.

Finally, in the situation that the hard drive is the problem, the PC simply cannot start. See if the system asks you to format the drive, but do not do it if you wish to retrieve your data.

Or try our data loss self-assessment tool

How to tell if your hard drive is broken

Before attempting to repair your hard drive, you must first make sure that it is the hard drive itself which is causing the issue. If the hard drive is detected, but the operating system asks to reformat while you are accessing data, this is an indication that there are several defective areas. The defective areas can equally result in the crash or the decreased speed of the PC. Secondly, the hard drive could be displayed in the operating system but is not accessible.

Finally, in the situation that the hard drive is the problem, the PC simply cannot start. See if the system asks you to format the drive, but do not do it if you wish to retrieve your data.

The best tools to check and repair your external or internal hard drive using Windows

Using Windows’ tools is generally the best method to check what state the drive is in; to use the tool CHKDSK from the control panel (Run menu). With the options /r and /f, the hard drive is analysed track-by-track to detect and fix recoverable data on the defective areas. Warning: do not use CHKDSK if you think you have lost data as this will make the data unrecoverable.

In the case that the failing partition is the one that holds the system, it is preferable to perform the operation on another PC or to do an analysis at the start-up of the PC (accepting the option that asks you to perform the check at the next startup). Still, take caution – the CHKDSK command is extremely powerful and can cause damages if used in the wrong conditions. Do not hesitate to read the article “CHKDSK, or how to solve a problem using the strong way ” to learn more about it.

If the hard drive is inaccessible, TestDisk is a program that can repair it. Though challenging to use due to its scanty interface, this free little tool proves itself to be a powerful tool to save your hard drive. Alternatively you can use Ontrack EasyRecovery with its SMART tools.

Fixing a Mac hard drive

On the OSX system, the SMART tool is in charge of checking that the hard drive is in good condition. Among various other functions, it detects defective areas on a damaged hard drive. When you encounter a problem, there are many tools you can use, including Ontrack EasyRecovery. We have written some instructions on using SMART tools in Ontrack EasyRecovery here 

There are other tools on the market, like AppleJack . AppleJack fixes a hard drive by reallocating different spaces towards safe areas. To use it, you have to switch to single user mode. It would also help to have the keyboard shortcuts on hand to be able to use different commands.

When software repairs fail

Depending on the severity of the hard drive problem, it is possible that the software repairs will not work. This might be due to a physical problem in the controller board, the circuit board that assures the proper functioning of the storage device, or the drive head. Unless you are knowledgeable in advanced electronics, it is preferable to leave the repair of these parts to a professional. It is the same cause for serious physical problems, such as a cracked plate or a reading problem.

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